COVID-19 and changes in protocols of dentistry practice throughout the globe and significant challenges faced in India: MOHFW guidelines and review of literature
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Aim SARS-CoV-2 virus primarily attacks the upper and lower respiratory tract of the individuals leading to common cold-like symptoms and pneumonia in immunocompromised patients. Also, the virus replicates in the intestinal epithelial cells and causes cytopathic alterations leading to gastric upset and diarrhoea. Dentists, auxiliaries as well as patients undergoing dental procedures are at high risk of cross-infection since most dental procedures require close contact with the patient’s oral cavity, saliva, blood, and respiratory tract secretions. Ministry of health and family welfare (MOHFW) released unified guidelines regarding dentistry practice in India on 19rd May 2020. The article presents challenges faced in practising dentistry in India during the pandemic and review on various protocols released worldwide regarding the same.
Conclusion Post pandemic dental practices may be accompanied by changes in products, delivery systems, communication and technologies regarding treatment protocols along with healthcare systems but proper behavioural counselling and efficient management of patients pre- and post-treatment can lead to better outcome during this challenging time of the pandemic.
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